Here’s how courts decide annexation

These are the 12 indicia of reasonableness that the Mississippi Supreme Court has established through case law for how to decide if annexation plans are fair:

(1) the municipality's need to expand

(2) whether the area sought to be annexed is reasonably within a path of growth of the city

(3) potential health hazards from sewage and waste disposal in the annexed areas

(4) the municipality's financial ability to make the improvements and furnish municipal services promised

(5) need for zoning and overall planning in the area

(6) need for municipal services in the area sought to be annexed

(7) whether there are natural barriers between the city and the proposed annexation area

(8) past performance and time element involved in the city's provision of services to its present residents

(9) economic or other impact of the annexation upon those who live in or own property in the proposed annexation area

(10) impact of the annexation upon the voting strength of protected minority groups

(11) whether the property owners and other inhabitants of the areas sought to be annexed have in the past, and in the foreseeable future unless annexed will, because of their reasonable proximity to the corporate limits of the municipality, enjoy economic and social benefits of the municipality without paying their fair share of taxes

(12) any other factors that may suggest reasonableness.

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